E learning and the science of instruction pdfWe all know that the human brain is immensely complex and still somewhat of a mystery. It follows then, that learning—a primary function of the brain—is understood in many different ways. Here are ten ways that learning can be described. Great article Connie. I really like 2.
E learning and the science of instruction pdf
Since there are many good books on e- learning development, we provide only a brief overview here. E- learning can be viewed as computer assisted learning, and as pedagogy for student- centered and collaborative learning. Early developments in e- learning focused on computer assisted learning, where part or all of the learning content is delivered digitally. More recently the pedagogical dimension of e- learning has become prominent. Computer Science Department, College of Education,.
Educational technology is the use of both physical hardware, software, and educational theoretic to facilitate learning and improving performance by creating, using, and managing appropriate technological processes and resources . It encompasses several domains including learning theory , computer-based training, online learning, and where mobile technologies are used, m-learning. Accordingly, there are several discrete aspects to describing the intellectual and technical development of educational technology:. The Association for Educational Communications and Technology AECT defined educational technology as "the study and ethical practice of facilitating learning and improving performance by creating, using and managing appropriate technological processes and resources". Educational technology is the process of integrating technology into education in a positive manner that promotes a more diverse learning environment and a way for students to learn how to use technology as well as their common assignments. Educational technology is an inclusive term for both the material tools and the theoretical foundations for supporting learning and teaching.
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E-learning theory describes the cognitive science principles of effective multimedia learning using electronic educational technology. Beginning with cognitive load theory as their motivating scientific premise, researchers such as Richard E. Mayer , John Sweller , and Roxana Moreno established within the scientific literature a set of multimedia instructional design principles that promote effective learning. His longitudinal research programme over 3 years established a clear improvement in levels of student engagement and in the development of active learning principles among students exposed to a combination of images and text, over students exposed only to text. Research using learners who have greater prior knowledge in the lesson material sometimes finds results that contradict these design principles. This has led some researchers to put forward the "expertise effect" as an instructional design principle unto itself.