Water Scarcity in Bangladesh and South Asia : Dynamics of Conflict and Cooperation - PRIOSkip to main content Skip to table of contents. Advertisement Hide. Front Matter Pages i-x. Pages Front Matter Pages Migration Flows in South Asia.
Benefits and Opportunities of Regional Cooperation in South Asia
The organization promotes development of economic and regional integration. In the ending years of the s, the seven inner South Asian nations that included Bangladesh , Bhutan , India , Maldives , Nepal , Pakistan , and Sri Lanka agreed upon the creation of a trade bloc and to provide a platform for the people of South Asia to work together in a spirit of friendship, trust, and understanding.
Conflict and Cooperation on South Asia's International Rivers
Login via Institution. Authors: Salman M. Salman and Kishor Uprety. Water resources management is receiving increasing attention worldwide due to the considerable challenges that face the quantitative and qualitative aspects of water. These challenges are attributed to a multitude of factors, including the significant increase in population, urbanization and environmental degradation. Such factors are more apparent in the South Asian Sub-continent Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan than many other parts of the world. Moreover, the problems of the Sub-continent are compounded by the fact that it encompasses some 20 major international rivers.
Every country within the strategic neighborhood of South Asia is already facing increasing stress and resource depletion due to environmental factors, and a primary challenge is water scarcity. Experts have identified water scarcity in emerging economies as one of the most significant issues that may increase the potential for future conflict. The Himalayan River Basins that feed Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan are seriously threatened by water stress, and this carries implications for internal and cross-boundary development and security. Being an agrarian and riverine country, Bangladesh in particular is heavily dependant on water for human consumption, crop irrigation, transportation, and conservation of biodiversity. The problem is further exacerbated by pollution, sewage and inefficiency of river management. Less than sufficient water flows in rivers, drawing down of ground water, and rapid population growth have made the region highly vulnerable to water stress.
It is of great geostrategic importance to the EU, which is forging closer ties with countries in South Asia as a strong economic player and a major development and aid donor, working to foster institution-building, democracy, good governance and human rights. The EU also has security concerns in the region, such as the Kashmir conflict and Afghanistan. This Fact Sheet describes the South Asia region. See also the Fact Sheets on East Asia 5. Development cooperation between the EU and the countries of South Asia covers financial and technical aid as well as economic cooperation.
The book analyzes five major bilateral treaty regimes on the South Asian subcontinent: between India and Bangladesh for the Ganges River; between India and Nepal for the Kosi, Gandaki, and Mahakali rivers; and, between India and Pakistan for the Indus It explains the background, and legal regimes of these international rivers in the context of the serious challenges to the water resources of the subcontinent, posed by significant population increases, urbanization, industrialization, and environmental degradation. International lawyers, and natural resource specialists will find this book to be useful and informative. See Less -. All language versions and volumes across World Bank Repositories.