Animal Breeding and Genetics, Introduction | SpringerLinkSelective breeding also called artificial selection is the process by which humans use animal breeding and plant breeding to selectively develop particular phenotypic traits characteristics by choosing which typically animal or plant males and females will sexually reproduce and have offspring together. Domesticated animals are known as breeds , normally bred by a professional breeder , while domesticated plants are known as varieties , cultigens , cultivars , or breeds. Flowers, vegetables and fruit-trees may be bred by amateurs and commercial or non-commercial professionals: major crops are usually the provenance of the professionals. In animal breeding , techniques such as inbreeding , linebreeding , and outcrossing are utilized. In plant breeding , similar methods are used. Charles Darwin discussed how selective breeding had been successful in producing change over time in his book, On the Origin of Species.
Planet Zoo, Animal Breeding Tutorial
Animal breeding & genetics
Hasan Khatib Michael G. Michael G. Gonda is a contributing author, " Animal immunogenetics: understanding immunoglobulins and the Major Histocompatibility Complex. Gonda is a contributing author, "Livestock and companion animal genetics: genetics of infectious disease susceptibility. Animal genetics is a foundational discipline in the fields of animal science, animal breeding, and veterinary sciences. While genetics underpins the healthy development and breeding of all living organisms, this is especially true in domestic animals, specifically with respect to breeding for key traits. Molecular and Quantitative Animal Genetics is a new textbook that takes an innovative approach, looking at both quantitative and molecular breeding approaches.
Preface: prof. Johan van Arendonk, chairholder Animal Breeding and Genetics., Informal animal breeding started thousands of years ago when hunter-gatherers started domesticating animals.
Reviewed: August 18th Published: October 21st The modern animal biotechnologies, such as animal cloning, transgenesis, sex determination, stem cells, designing new livestock, must be performed on animal gametes including sperm and oocytes, and embryos based on embryology theory. Currently, some key biotechnologies in embryology have become the most powerful tool for animal scientists and breeders to improve genetic construction of animal herds. Here, authors put forward a new concept of Animal Embryo Breeding Science to describe this discipline formation, development, and application in animal genetic improvement and breeding. The relationship of embryo breeding with other disciplines has been profiled. Thus, animal scientists and breeders can easily understand and apply embryo breeding theory and related key techniques to accelerate animal improvement speed, to modify genetic construction of animal population, and to design and create new animal individual or breed.
In this first chapter the history of animal breeding is presented. The importance of selection by nature and important aspects of the domestication process will be described. Mankind started to create breeds accompanied with artificial selection years ago. Nowadays, breeding of high productive farm animals, like cattle, pigs and poultry is in the hands of multinational companies which invest a lot of money in state of the art breeding programs. The breeding of sheep, goats, horses and companion animals, e. Animal breeding is aiming at the improvement of animals by changing their genetic abilities for important traits.